The Ultimate Guide to Velvet Fabric: History, Production, and Different Types
Jose Uribe·January 30, 2023
Velvet is a soft, luxurious fabric that is known for its smooth nap and shiny appearance. The fabric is made from a dense pile of evenly cut fibers and is popular in fashion design and home decor. The origins of velvet can be traced back to Baghdad in 750 A.D. where it was first made from silk and only accessible to the royal and noble classes. With the introduction of new loom technology during the Renaissance, the cost of production lowered and Florence, Italy became the dominant velvet production center.
Velvet is made on a special loom called a double cloth, which produces two pieces of velvet simultaneously. Today, velvet can be made from a variety of materials such as silk, cotton, linen, wool, mohair, and synthetic fibers, making it less expensive and more accessible for daily wear.
The Different Types of Velvet: From Crushed to Stretch and Everything In Between
There are several different types of velvet, including crushed velvet, panne velvet, embossed velvet, ciselé, plain velvet, stretch velvet, and pile-on-pile velvet. Each type is created using different methods and materials.
Velvet, velveteen, and velour are all soft, drapey fabrics, but they have some differences. Velour is a knitted fabric made from cotton and polyester that resembles velvet and has more stretch. Velveteen is a cotton velvet fabric that is less expensive than silk velvet and has a shorter pile. Velvet, on the other hand, is a true velvet fabric that can be made from a variety of materials and has a longer pile.
In conclusion, velvet is a luxurious fabric that has a rich history and is versatile in its use. From evening wear to home decor, velvet adds an elevated touch to any design. With various types and methods of production, velvet can be made from a variety of materials, making it more accessible and affordable for various uses.